Eczema in babies is a fairly common occurrence. It is not that difficult to understand and treat this condition. Eczema is characterized by itchy, scaly, and dry skin. It may also appear irritated. It is not contagious, but can become infected if scratched. Eczema in infants can almost happen anywhere on the body. But it usually occurs on the face, neck, belly and elbows. Eczema in infants is weepy and crusty.
It is relatively simple to treat infants with eczema. Eczema tends to rob the skin of moisture, so you just need to get adequate moisture on your skin. To help the skin be moist, you can limit the baby’s baths to two or three times a week, avoid using dyes or perfumes, pat the skin dry and never rub it, then you can apply moisturizer. The most recommended moisturizers are Eucerin and Aquaphor. It should be applied four or five times a day. You can apply a mild topical steroid on the irritated and reddened skin. You can try 1% hydrocortisone cream to reduce the inflammation. To keep the baby from scratching the affected area, you can try putting mittens or socks on your baby’s hands. This condition should be carefully monitored for any sign of infection. If there are weeping or warm areas it should be immediately treated. Your doctor may prescribe certain antibiotics to fight the infection. It is often very frightening for parents when their babies have eczema, but with careful monitoring and constant moisturizing, eczema in babies can be controlled.
Atopic dermatitis is another name for eczema. This term atopic means that it has a tendency to develop a condition like asthma, hay fever, or eczema. Some Symptoms of Eczema include drying and itching with cracked and red skin. Children’s skin may also bleed and produce fluid. The most affected areas include the hands, face, elbows, back of the knees and neck. The barriers in these areas do not work sufficiently.
The cause of eczema is still unknown. This condition is hereditary which means it can be passed down through the generations. Eczema occurring on the skin is known as a flare-up. Once your child acquires eczema then he/she might experience itchy, blotchy and reddened skin. It may worsen during flare-ups.
Chemical substances can trigger this condition. The chemicals are very irritating to the skin. Examples of these substances are fabric softeners, bubble bath liquid, shampoos and washing powders. It is much better to use emollients than detergents and soaps. It can really be distressing for a parent when her/his baby has eczema. This is because it is hard to prevent the child from scratching the affected area. The baby’s sleep pattern will be disrupted and infections can also result from scratching.
There are a lot of treatment methods available depending on the intensity of the eczema. Emollient creams and lotions are the usual recommended solutions. It is usually combined with low-strength steroid cream to reduce the itching and inflammation. You can ask your doctor about the ointments and creams to be used.